Everything you need to know about yogurt


Yogurt is a dairy product made by fermenting milk with specific bacterial cultures. This fermentation process converts lactose (milk sugar) into lactic acid, giving yogurt its tangy flavor and thick texture. It’s a popular food item that can be consumed on its own or used in various dishes and recipes.

When is yogurt good for you?

Yogurt is generally good for you when it’s packed with live, active cultures (probiotics), calcium, and protein. Consuming yogurt with these components can promote gut health, aid digestion, and support bone health. Opt for plain, unsweetened varieties to avoid added sugars. However, if you’re lactose intolerant or have dairy allergies, consider non-dairy alternatives like coconut or almond yogurt. Always check labels for nutritional content and choose options that align with your dietary needs.

When is yogurt bad for you?

Yogurt is generally considered a healthy food option due to its probiotic content, protein, and calcium. However, there are certain circumstances when yogurt might not be the best choice for everyone. Here are some instances when yogurt might be bad for you:

1. Lactose Intolerance: Yogurt contains lactose, a natural sugar found in milk products. Individuals who are lactose intolerant lack the enzyme lactase, which is necessary to digest lactose. Consuming yogurt could lead to digestive discomfort such as bloating, gas, and diarrhea in these individuals.

2.  Dairy Allergy: Some people have a dairy allergy, which is an immune response triggered by the proteins found in dairy products. Consuming yogurt can lead to symptoms like hives, digestive issues, and in severe cases, anaphylaxis.

3.  Added Sugars: Flavored or sweetened yogurts can contain a high amount of added sugars, which can contribute to weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and dental issues. It’s important to choose plain or unsweetened yogurt options to avoid excessive sugar intake.

4. Calorie Control: While yogurt is nutrient-dense, it’s important to be mindful of portion sizes, especially if you’re watching your calorie intake. Some yogurt containers can contain more calories than you realize, which could hinder weight loss efforts.

5. High Sodium Content: Some commercially available yogurts, particularly those with added flavorings or in savory variations, might have a high sodium content. Excessive sodium intake can lead to high blood pressure and increase the risk of heart disease.

6. Digestive Disorders: Individuals with certain digestive disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), may find that dairy products, including yogurt, exacerbate their symptoms. It’s recommended for these individuals to consult a healthcare professional before including yogurt in their diet.

7.  Weight Loss Goals: While yogurt can be a good source of protein, calcium, and probiotics, not all yogurts are created equal. Some yogurt products marketed as healthy may contain hidden additives or high calorie counts that can hinder weight loss efforts if consumed excessively.

8. FODMAP Sensitivity: Yogurt contains varying levels of FODMAPs (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols), which can trigger symptoms in individuals with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) who are sensitive to FODMAPs. Low-FODMAP yogurt options might be more suitable for these individuals.

It’s important to note that yogurt is a diverse food, and its effects on health can vary from person to person. If you’re unsure about whether yogurt is suitable for your specific dietary needs or health conditions, it’s recommended to consult with a registered dietitian or healthcare professional before making any major changes to your diet.